Publication
Title
Impact of the interaction of R207910 with rifampin on the treatment of tuberculosis studied in the mouse model
Author
Abstract
New drugs are needed to shorten the duration of tuberculosis treatment. R207910, a diarylquinoline, is very active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis both in vitro and in mice. In healthy volunteers, the coadministration of R207910 and rifampin induced the increased metabolism of R207910, resulting in a 50% reduction in the level of R207910 exposure. We assessed the impact of reducing the dose of R207910 on its efficacy when R207910 was combined with a background regimen of isoniazid, rifampin, and pyrazinamide. Addition of 25 mg/kg of body weight or 12.5 mg/kg R207910 to the background regimen resulted in faster bacterial clearance and culture negativity. The difference in efficacy between the two doses was not statistically significant. The minimal bactericidal dose of R207910 when it was tested as part of the combination was identical to that when it was tested as monotherapy. Because of the drug-drug interaction in humans, the activity of R207910 in humans could be less than that expected from studies with mice. Our data from the mouse model demonstrate that R207910 has significant activity, even when its exposure is reduced by 50% and when it is added to a strong background regimen of isoniazid, rifampin, and pyrazinamide. In killing kinetic studies, the bactericidal effect of R207910 in mice was modest during the first week of treatment, but it increased in the following 3 weeks, while the bactericidal activity of isoniazid was limited to the first week of treatment.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy. - Washington, D.C.
Publication
Washington, D.C. : 2008
ISSN
0066-4804
Volume/pages
52:10(2008), p. 3568--3572
ISI
000259480800015
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 13.03.2009
Last edited 11.06.2017
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