Title
Hypoplasia of L5 and wedging and pseudospondylolisthesis in patients with spondylolysis: study with MR imagingHypoplasia of L5 and wedging and pseudospondylolisthesis in patients with spondylolysis: study with MR imaging
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Research group
Antwerp Surgical Training, Anatomy and Research Centre (ASTARC)
Publication type
article
Publication
Baltimore, Md,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
American journal of neuroradiology. - Baltimore, Md
Volume/pages
30(2009):4, p. 674-680
ISSN
0195-6108
ISI
000265583700006
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The association between L5 hypoplasia and bilateral spondylolysis was described earlier on conventional radiographs of the lumbar spine. The purpose of this study was to describe the findings on MR imaging in patients with hypoplasia of L5 and to correlate these findings with the presence of bilateral spondylolysis of L5. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied the MR images of 22 patients with hypoplasia and posterior wedging of L5 and with bilateral spondylolysis at L5. The anteroposterior diameter of L4, L5, and S1 were measured and compared. The degree of posterior wedging of L5 was calculated. The degree of anterolisthesis was determined. The intervertebral disks of L4-L5 and L5-S1 were studied. RESULTS: The mean difference between the anteroposterior diameter of L4 and L5 was 3.0 mm, or 8.8% shortening of L5 compared with L4. The mean difference between the anteroposterior diameter of L5 and S1 was 4.4 mm, or 12.3% shortening of L5 compared with S1. The mean percentage posterior wedging was 24.7%. In 13 patients, there was no anterior vertebral slipping. True anterolisthesis grade I was seen in 5 patients and anterolisthesis grade II in 4 patients. Diskarthrosis with disk dehydration of L4-L5 was seen in 20 of the 22 patients. CONCLUSIONS: It is confirmed that hypoplasia of L5 can simulate anterolisthesis. Hypoplasia of the vertebral body of L5 can predict the presence of bilateral spondylolysis.
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