Publication
Title
Transport, magnetic, and structural properties of thin films: evidence for hole-doping
Author
Abstract
Cerium-doped manganite thin films were grown epitaxially by pulsed laser deposition at 720 °C and oxygen pressure pO2=125 Pa and were subjected to different annealing steps. According to x-ray diffraction (XRD) data, the formation of CeO2 as a secondary phase could be avoided for pO28 Pa. However, transmission electron microscopy shows the presence of CeO2 nanoclusters even in those films which appear to be single phase in XRD. With O2 annealing, the metal-to-insulator transition temperature increases, while the saturation magnetization decreases and stays well below the theoretical value for electron-doped La0.7Ce0.3MnO3 with mixed Mn3+/Mn2+ valences. The same trend is observed with decreasing film thickness from 100 to 20 nm, indicating a higher oxygen content for thinner films. Hall measurements on a film which shows a metal-to-insulator transition clearly reveal holes as dominating charge carriers. Combining data from x-ray photoemission spectroscopy, for determination of the oxygen content, and x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), for determination of the hole concentration and cation valences, we find that with increasing oxygen content the hole concentration increases and Mn valences are shifted from 2+ to 4+. The dominating Mn valences in the films are Mn3+ and Mn4+, and only a small amount of Mn2+ ions can be observed by XAS. Mn2+ and Ce4+ XAS signals obtained in surface-sensitive total electron yield mode are strongly reduced in the bulk-sensitive fluorescence mode, which indicates hole-doping in the bulk for those films which do show a metal-to-insulator transition.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Physical review : B : solid state. - Lancaster, Pa, 1970 - 1978
Publication
Lancaster, Pa : 2009
ISSN
0556-2805
Volume/pages
79:5(2009), p. 054416,1-054416,8
ISI
000263815400057
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
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Publication type
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Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
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Creation 12.05.2009
Last edited 11.07.2017
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