Publication
Title
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on intravenous ibuprofen L-lysine for the early closure of nonsymptomatic patent ductus arteriosus within 72 hours of birth in extremely low-birth-weight infants
Author
Abstract
A multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) ibuprofen (L-lysine) for the early closure of nonsymptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) within 72 hours of birth in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants with evidence of ductal shunting by echocardiogram. Eleven sites enrolled 136 infants with nonsymptomatic early PDA (gestational age < 30 weeks; body weight 500 to 1000 g) to receive a 3-day course (10 mg/kg, 5 mg/kg, and 5 mg/kg) of IV ibuprofen (n = 68) or placebo (n = 68). Cardiac echocardiogram was performed on study days 1 and 14, and with rescue. Infants were followed to 36 weeks postconceptional age. Patient demographics, mean (standard deviation), were similar between ibuprofen and placebo: birth weight: 798.5 g (128.7) versus 797.3 g (132.8); gestational age: 26.1 weeks (1.3) versus 26.2 weeks (1.4); and age at first dose: 1.5 days (0.7). The intent-to-treat analysis of the primary endpoint, subjects rescued, died, or dropped through study day 14, was 21/68 (30.9%) with ibuprofen and 36/68 (52.9%) for placebo (p = 0.005). Death, intraventricular hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis, daily fluid intake/output, liver function, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and retinopathy of prematurity did not differ. A trend toward decreased periventricular leukomalacia by ibuprofen was noted. IV ibuprofen was effective and safe in the early closure of PDA in preterm neonates.
Language
English
Source (journal)
American journal of perinatology. - Stuttgart
Publication
Stuttgart : 2009
ISSN
0735-1631
Volume/pages
26:3(2009), p. 235-245
ISI
000263680800011
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 13.05.2009
Last edited 16.09.2017
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