Determining biosonar images using sparse representations
Faculty of Applied Economics
Faculty of Sciences. Mathematics and Computer Science
New York, N.Y.
The journal of the Acoustical Society of America. - New York, N.Y.
, p. 3052-3059
University of Antwerp
Echolocating bats are thought to be able to create an image of their environment by emitting pulses and analyzing the reflected echoes. In this paper, the theory of sparse representations and its more recent further development into compressed sensing are applied to this biosonar image formation task. Considering the target image representation as sparse allows formulation of this inverse problem as a convex optimization problem for which well defined and efficient solution methods have been established. The resulting technique, referred to as L1-minimization, is applied to simulated data to analyze its performance relative to delay accuracy and delay resolution experiments. This method performs comparably to the coherent receiver for the delay accuracy experiments, is quite robust to noise, and can reconstruct complex target impulse responses as generated by many closely spaced reflectors with different reflection strengths. This same technique, in addition to reconstructing biosonar target images, can be used to simultaneously localize these complex targets by interpreting location cues induced by the bat's head related transfer function. Finally, a tentative explanation is proposed for specific bat behavioral experiments in terms of the properties of target images as reconstructed by the L1-minimization method.