Pathways of growth and decline: connectivity changes in the world city network, 2000-2008Pathways of growth and decline: connectivity changes in the world city network, 2000-2008
Faculty of Applied Economics
Faculteit Toegepaste Economische Wetenschappen
Loughborough :Loughborough University, Department of Geography, Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, 2009[*]2009
GaWC research bulletin ; 310
University of Antwerp
This is an empirical paper that measures and interprets changes in intercity relations at the global scale in the period 2000-2008. We draw on the network model devised by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) research group to measure global connectivities for 308 cities across the world in 2000 and 2008. The measurements for both years are adjusted so that a coherent set of services/cities is used. A range of visualisation and statistical techniques is used to explore these changes at the city level and the regional scale. The most notable changes are (i) the general rise of connectivity in the world city network, (ii) the loss of global connectivity of US and Sub-Saharan African cities (Los Angeles, San Francisco and Miami in particular), and (iii) the gain in global connectivity of South Asian, Chinese and Eastern European cities (Shanghai, Beijing and Moscow in particular).