Innovations in last-mile logistics: the relations with green logistics, reverse logistics and waste logistics
Faculty of Applied Economics
S.l. , 2009
Conference proceedings of International Symposium on Logistics 2009, Istanbul,Turkey
University of Antwerp
Purpose The aim of this paper is to study in detail the relationship between innovative concepts in the last-mile part of the supply chain and its direct and indirect environmental effects on green logistics, reverse logistics and waste logistics. Speaking about innovations in logistics, those four topics are nowadays real buzzwords but the relationships between those four and their impact on each other are not often taken into account. Design/ Approach / Methodology During the research process of this paper, three complementary methodologies were used: first of all, the relevant literature was reviewed. Second, several interviews with logistical experts from several different sectors (private, public, ) were done and third, the concept of the Green Logistics Triangle was analyzed during an expert meeting about innovations in logistics. Findings This paper identifies that the relationships between green, last-mile, reverse and waste logistics need to be taken more into account when screening a supply chain for innovative optimization than nowadays. This is the fact for academic studies as well as for public entities and private companies. The Green Logistics Triangle is a framework that attempts to simplify, visualize and identify several different direct and indirect relationships between the four former mentioned parts of the supply chain. Research limitations/ implications This paper is the result of a preliminary research part for a research project/paper with the aim of screening the supply chains (using the Green Logistics Triangle) and categorize them in the characteristics (ex. Costs, time, frequency, punctuality, environment, ) that are most common in innovative adaptations in logistics. This makes it possible to screen, as mentioned before, the direct and indirect relationships between last-mile, reverse, waste logistics and green logistics and in a further stage to look more in detail to common characteristics. Practical Implications One of the major aims of this paper it that is should be useful for academic research as well as for private companies and public entities. Originality/ Value The value of this paper can be described as an attempt to put more stress on intra sub-logistical direct and indirect links which have significant implications on each other. Nowadays these relations are not often taken into account in papers.