The evolution of the cartography of Katanga (D.R. Congo) during the Belgian colonial period
Faculty of Applied Economics
S.l. :International Cartographic Association (ICA), 2005
Proceedings of the 22th International Cartographic Conference (ICA), La Coruna, Spain, 9-16 July 2005
This article discusses the evolution of the cartography of Katanga during the colonial period. As far as cartography is concerned, the colonial period is divided into three periods. The first period, from 1875 up to the First World War, is characterized by the establishment of the state and implies the creation of boundaries, exploratory expeditions, the use of astronomic positioning and a first map of Katanga. The second period is situated between the two world wars. The Comité Spécial du Katanga establishes a cartographic institute that starts with a series of maps on a scale of 1 : 200 000. During the third period, until decolonisation in 1960, aerial photography is introduced and the Institut Géographique du Congo Belge publishes a series of maps on a scale of 1 : 200 000 which covers the whole area. The published maps of these three periods are shortly discussed.