Title
Gene profiles of THP-1 macrophages after **in vitro** exposure to respiratory (non-)sensitizing chemicals: identification of discriminating genetic markers and pathway analysis Gene profiles of THP-1 macrophages after **in vitro** exposure to respiratory (non-)sensitizing chemicals: identification of discriminating genetic markers and pathway analysis
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Oxford ,
Subject
Pharmacology. Therapy
Source (journal)
Toxicology in vitro. - Oxford
Volume/pages
23(2009) :6 , p. 1151-1162
ISSN
0887-2333
ISI
000269551500027
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
It is recognized that respiratory sensitization is a hazard of high concern. Despite international regulatory requirements there is no established protocol for the identification of chemical respiratory sensitizers. New tests should be based on mechanistic understanding and should be preferentially restricted to in vitro assays. The major goal of this study was to investigate the genetic response of human THP-1 macrophages after contact with respiratory (non-)sensitizers, and to identify genes that are able to discriminate between both groups. THP-1 macrophages were exposed during different time points to 3 respiratory sensitizers, 2 irritants, and 1 skin sensitizer. Gene expression changes were evaluated using Agilent Whole Human Genome arrays. Fisher Linear Discriminant Analysis was used to obtain a ranking of genes that reflects their potential to discriminate between respiratory (non-)sensitizing chemicals. Among the 20 most discriminating genes which were categorized into molecular and biological Gene Ontology (GO) terms, EIF4E, PDGFRB, SEMA7A, and ZFP36L2 could be associated with respiratory sensitization. When categorizing the top-1000 genes into biological GO terms, 24 genes were associated with immune function. Using a pathway analysis tool, platelet-derived growth factor signaling was observed to be activated in THP-1 macrophages in the context of respiratory sensitization.
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