Efficient gene transfer in CLL by mRNA electroporationEfficient gene transfer in CLL by mRNA electroporation
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Vaccine & Infectious Disease Institute (VAXINFECTIO)
2008Baltimore, Md, 2008
Leukemia. - Baltimore, Md, 1987, currens
22(2008):2, p. 323-329
University of Antwerp
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) consists of at least two major prognostic subgroups, characterized by different cellular and molecular markers. This observation sparked studies on the function and clinical importance of these markers. In order to address their function adequately, an efficient and reliable method for gene transfer is needed. In this study, we compared efficiency and utility of different gene transfer techniques in CLL. Lenti-, retro- and adenoviral transduction did not yield appreciable numbers of marker gene enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) positive CLL cells, despite various prestimulation protocols. Efficient transgene expression was observed after nucleofection of CLL cells with plasmid DNA, at the expense of low survival rates. After optimization, electroporation of in vitro transcribed mRNA yielded up to 90% EGFP+CLL cells without affecting survival. Transgene expression remained detectable for at least 2 weeks after electroporation. Furthermore, we could demonstrate overexpression of ZAP70 and of a ZAP70-EGFP fusion protein after electroporation with ZAP70 or ZAP70-EGFP mRNA. We conclude that mRNA electroporation is a novel and straightforward method for highly efficient gene transfer in CLL. The application of this technique should facilitate functional studies on CLL cells, as well as clinical research.