Somatostatin modulates mast cell-induced responses in murine spinal neurons and satellite cells
The course of intestinal inflammatory responses is tightly coordinated by the extensive communication between the immune system and the enteric nervous system, among which the bidirectional mast cell-neuron interaction within the intestinal wall plays a prominent role. Recent research suggests that somatostatin (SOM) is able to inhibit this self-reinforcing network by simultaneously suppressing the inflammatory activities of both neurons and mast cells. Therefore, we assessed the modulatory effects of SOM on both the short-term and long-term effects induced by the main mast cell mediators histamine (HIS) and 5-HT on spinal sensory neurons. Short-term incubation of dorsal root ganglion cultures with HIS and 5-HT induced neuronal CGRP-release and calcium-mediated activation of both neurons and nonneuronal cells, both of which effects were significantly reduced by SOM. In addition, SOM was also able to suppress the increased neuronal expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory peptides induced by long-term exposure to HIS and 5-HT. Immunocytochemical and molecular-biological experiments revealed the possible involvement of somatostatin receptor 1 (SSTR1) and SSTR2A in these profound SOM-dependent effects. These data, combined with the increased expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory peptides and several SSTRs in murine dorsal root ganglia following intestinal inflammation, reveal that intestinal inflammation not only induces the onset of proinflammatory cascades but simultaneously triggers endogenous systems destined to prevent excessive tissue damage. Moreover, these data provide for the first time functional evidence that SOM is able to directly modulate intestinal inflammatory responses by interference with the coordinating mast cell-neuron communication.
Source (journal)
American journal of physiology : gastrointestinal and liver physiology / American Physiological Society. - Bethesda, Md, 1980, currens
Bethesda, Md : American Physiological Society , 2009
0193-1857 [print]
1522-1547 [online]
297 :2 (2009) , p. G406-G417
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Research group
Project info
Bidirectional communication between the enteric nervous system and elements of the immune system in inflammatory gastrointestinal disorders.
Publication type
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Creation 30.10.2009
Last edited 15.11.2022
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