Title
Ethnic differences in use value and use patterns of baobab (**Adansonia digitata** L.) in northern Benin Ethnic differences in use value and use patterns of baobab (**Adansonia digitata** L.) in northern Benin
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Bioscience Engineering
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Oxford ,
Subject
Biology
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
African journal of ecology. - Oxford
Volume/pages
47(2009) :3 , p. 433-440
ISSN
0141-6707
ISI
000269086000022
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The aim of this study was to combine qualitative and quantitative tools to evidence ethnic differences in use value and use patterns of baobab for the rural populations of northern Benin. The study was carried out in the municipalities of Boukoumbé and Karimama, focusing on Ottamari and Dendi ethnic groups, respectively, who have good knowledge on baobab uses. Ethnobotanical data were gathered through semi-structured individual interviews and processed by quantitative (multiple use curve, use value and fidelity level) and qualitative (flow chart) analytical and ethnobotanical methods. Leaves, fruit pulp and seeds of baobab were shown to be well-known for several food uses and were often the main ingredient in sauces, pastes, porridges and beverages. Medicinal uses were especially well-known for the bark, which was also used for making ropes. In both communities, a total of 38 different uses were mentioned for baobab products. There were significantly more uses known by the Ottamari than by the Dendi, with use values of 8 and 5, respectively. There were no differences detected in knowledge between sexes and age classes. As a result of its nutritional and high potential market value, preservation of ethnobotanical knowledge on baobab and exchange between communities is critical.
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