Title
The complexity of the <tex>$GABA_{A}$</tex> receptor shapes unique pharmacological profiles The complexity of the <tex>$GABA_{A}$</tex> receptor shapes unique pharmacological profiles
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Pharmacology. Therapy
Source (journal)
Drug discovery today. - London
Volume/pages
14(2009) :17/18 , p. 866-875
ISSN
1359-6446
ISI
000270199100008
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system (CNS) and many physiological actions are modulated by GABAA receptors. These chloride channels can be opened by GABA and are a target for a variety of important drugs such as benzodiazepines, barbiturates, neuroactive steroids, convulsants and anaesthetics. GABAA receptors are involved in anxiety, feeding and drinking behaviour, circadian rhythm, cognition, vigilance, and learning and memory. Moreover, deficits in the functional expression of GABAA receptors have been implicated in multiple neurological and psychiatric diseases. This review aims to discuss the unique physiological and pharmacological properties of the multitude of GABAA receptor subtypes present in the CNS, making this receptor an important target for novel rational drug therapy.
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