Title
Physical modeling of strain-dependent hole mobility in Ge **p**-channel inversion layers
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Publication type
article
Publication
New York, N.Y. :American Institute of Physics ,
Subject
Physics
Source (journal)
Journal of applied physics / American Institute of Physics. - New York, N.Y., 1937, currens
Volume/pages
106(2009) :8 , p. 083704,1-083704,9
ISSN
0021-8979
1089-7550
ISI
000271358100050
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
We present comprehensive calculations of the low-field hole mobility in Ge p-channel inversion layers with SiO2 insulator using a six-band k·p band-structure model. The cases of relaxed, biaxially, and uniaxially (both tensily and compressively) strained Ge are studied employing an efficient self-consistent methodmaking use of a nonuniform spatial mesh and of the Broyden second methodto solve the coupled envelope-wave function k·p and Poisson equations. The hole mobility is computed using the KuboGreenwood formalism accounting for nonpolar hole-phonon scattering and scattering with interfacial roughness. Different approximations to handle dielectric screening are also investigated. As our main result, we find a large enhancement (up to a factor of 10 with respect to Si) of the mobility in the case of uniaxial compressive stress similarly to the well-known case of Si. Comparison with experimental data shows overall qualitative agreement but with significant deviations due mainly to the unknown morphology of the rough Ge-insulator interface, to additional scattering with surface optical phonon from the high- insulator, to Coulomb scattering interface traps or oxide chargesignored in our calculationsand to different channel structures employed.
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