Publication
Title
Polymorphism and signatures of selection in the multimammate rat DQB gene
Author
Abstract
In order to test if DQB is a good candidate marker to investigate the relationship between major histocompatibility complex genes and pathogens in natural populations of Mastomys natalensis, we assessed the polymorphism and evolutionary history of this gene. Twenty-four individuals were genotyped for exon 2 of DQB using capillary electrophoresis single-strand conformation polymorphism, cloning, and sequencing. We found 21 different alleles. Four individuals show three alleles implying a duplication event in the history of this gene. Each distinct sequence translates to give a distinct amino acid sequence and there are strong signals of positive selection on peptide binding sites. Signals of recombination were found in the sequences suggesting that recombination has played a role in generating allelic diversity. Although trans-taxon polymorphism is present at the interspecific level in DQB exon 2 sequences of Mus species, we did not find any evidence of allele sharing among Muridae genera. This indicates a temporal limit of DQB allele sharing in Muridae of less than 8 Mya. In conclusion, although DQB seems to be a good marker to investigate pathogen-driven selection, the polymorphism of gene copy number may restrict its utility in natural populations.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Immunogenetics. - Berlin
Publication
Berlin : 2010
ISSN
0093-7711
Volume/pages
62:1(2010), p. 59-64
ISI
000273810300007
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 26.01.2010
Last edited 02.11.2017
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