Statisticalmechanical models with separable many-body interactions: especially partition functions and thermodynamic consequencesStatisticalmechanical models with separable many-body interactions: especially partition functions and thermodynamic consequences
Faculty of Sciences. Physics

Department of Physics

article

2010Basel, 2010

Mathematics

Physics

Chemistry

Journal of mathematical chemistry. - Basel

47(2010):1, p. 520-538

0259-9791

000273162000040

E

English (eng)

University of Antwerp

We start from a classical statisticalmechanical theory for the internal energy in terms of three- and four-body correlation functions g 3 and g 4 for homogeneous atomic liquids like argon, with assumed central pair interactions $${\phi(r_{ij})}$$ . The importance of constructing the partition function (pf) as spatial integrals over g 3, g 4 and $${\phi}$$ is stressed, together with some basic thermodynamic consequences of such a pf. A second classical example taken for two-body interactions is the so-called one-component plasma in two dimensions, for a particular coupling strength treated by Alastuey and Jancovici (J Phys (France) 42:1, 1981) and by Fantoni and Tellez (J Stat Phys 133:449, 2008). Again thermodynamic consequences provide a particular focus. Then quantummechanical assemblies are treated, again with separable many-body interactions. The example chosen is that of an N-body inhomogeneous extended system generated by a one-body potential energy V(r). The focus here is on the diagonal element of the canonical density matrix: the so-called Slater sum S(r, β), related to the pf by $${{\rm pf}(\beta) = \int {S({\bf r}, \beta)}d\vec {r}}$$, β = (k B T)−1. The Slater sum S(r, β) can be related exactly, via a partial differential equation, to the one-body potential V(r), for specific choices of V which are cited. The work of Green (J Chem Phys 18:1123, 1950), is referred to for a generalization, but now perturbative, to two-body forces. Finally, to avoid perturbation series, the work concludes with some proposals to allow the treatment of extended assemblies in which regions of long-range ordered magnetism exist in the phase diagram. One of us (Z.D.Z.) has recently proposed a putative pf for a three-dimensional (3D) Ising model, based on two, as yet unproved, conjectures and has pointed out some important thermodynamic consequences of this pf. It would obviously be of considerable interest if such a pf, together with conjectures, could be rigorously proved.

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