Title
Fractal analysis of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease patients and mouse models Fractal analysis of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease patients and mouse models
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Fayetteville, N.Y. ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Neurobiology of aging. - Fayetteville, N.Y.
Volume/pages
32(2011) :9 , p. 1579-1587
ISSN
0197-4580
ISI
000293181600005
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The varied morphological and biochemical forms in which amyloid deposits in brain of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients are complex and their mechanisms of formation are not completely understood. Here we investigated the ability of fractal dimension (FD) to differentiate between the textures of commonly observed amyloid plaques in sporadic and familial AD patients and aged-control individuals as well as in transgenic mouse models of amyloidosis. Studying more than 6000 amyloid plaques immunostained for total Aβ (Aβt), Aβ40 or Aβ42, we show here that Aβ40 FD could efficiently differentiate between (i) AD patients and aged-control individuals (P < 0.001); (ii) sporadic and familial AD due to presenilin-1 or APP (A692G) mutations (P < 0.001); and (iii) three transgenic mouse models of different genotypes (P < 0.001). Furthermore, while diffuse and dense-core plaques present in humans and transgenic mice had comparable FDs, both Aβt and Aβ42 FD could also differentiate diffuse plaques from other plaque types in both species (P < 0.001). Our data suggest that plaque FD could be a valuable tool for objective, computer-oriented AD diagnosis as well as for genotype-phenotype correlations of AD.
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