Publication
Title
Characterization of resistance to the prolactin-lowering effects of cabergoline in macroprolactinomas: a study in 122 patients
Author
Abstract
Context: Macroprolactinomas poorly responsive to dopamine-agonists are often more aggressive and are usually termed resistant but this clinical concept has always been defined empirically. Objective: To define resistance to cabergoline (CAB) on the basis of a doseresponse relationship established in a large series of macroprolactinoma patients and to assess the influence of gender and tumor invasiveness on the response to treatment. Design: Retrospective study. Methods: One hundred and twenty-two patients (72 women and 50 men) primarily treated with CAB for at least 1 year were included. Main outcome measures were serum prolactin (PRL) and tumor size. Results: Normalization of PRL was obtained in 115 out of the 122 patients (94%). The majority of patients (96/115, 83%) were controlled with a CAB dose ≤1.5 mg/week. Most of the other patients (19/26) had only a partial resistance, responding to a further increase of the CAB dose. Beyond the dose of 3.5 mg/week, there was no clear advantage in further increasing the dose instead of continuing the treatment at the same dose. Most tumors (98/119 assessable cases, 82%) showed a significant shrinkage during CAB treatment. It was more likely to occur in cases of PRL normalization. Both cavernous sinus invasion and male gender were significantly and independently associated with partial or complete resistance to treatment. Conclusions: Most macroprolactinomas primarily treated with CAB are adequately controlled with doses ≤1.5 mg/week. About 20% of patients, mainly men and/or those with invasive tumors will require a higher dose of CAB. We suggest defining such patients as resistant to CAB.
Language
English
Source (journal)
European journal of endocrinology. - Copenhagen
Publication
Copenhagen : 2009
ISSN
0804-4643
Volume/pages
160:5(2009), p. 747-752
ISI
000272934500004
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 23.02.2010
Last edited 19.06.2017
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