Publication
Title
Informalization, poverty and inequality in Kinshasa
Author
Abstract
As a consequence of a concatenation of external and internal events, the economy of Congo DRC has informalised to an unprecedented level over the last decades. Yet, a comparison between historical datasets and a recent household survey in the capital city of Kinshasa demonstrates that surprisingly, this process of informalisation has not resulted in over-all economic regress, a result which confirms earlier conclusions based on trends in human development indicators. Further, informalization does seem to go hand in hand with increasing income inequality. On the basis of household survey data and secondary sources, the paper tries to connect these phenomena to their underlying causes. On the one hand, we trace this particular evolution in the capital city to the position of the city in relation to both its hinterland and the global economy. The observed change in urban diets directly connects to shifts in production patterns in the interior as well as in changes in external trade flows. On the other, we look at the role of classical markers like gender, ethnicity and education in generating and sustaining inequality. Unexpectedly, education remains an important predictor of inequality even in a thoroughly informalised economy. This finding has to be connected to a critique of analyses of informality as a neatly bounded sector. If this view is at all relevant, it is not applicable to Kinshasa
Language
English
Source (journal)
Proceedings of the international conference "Living on the Margins", Stellenbosch (South-Africa)
Publication
2007
Volume/pages
(2007)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
E-info
Record
Identification
Creation 16.03.2010
Last edited 02.04.2016
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