Title
Regional sub-state diplomacy from a comparative perspective: Quebec, Scotland, Bavaria, Catalonia, Wallonia and Flanders
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Political Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Leiden :Brill ,
Subject
Politics
Source (journal)
The Hague journal of diplomacy. - Leiden, 2006, currens
Volume/pages
5(2010) :1 , p. 37-64
ISBN
978-90-04-19002-3
vabb
c:vabb:287719
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Regions are nowadays generating an increasing amount of diplomatic activity, both in quantitative and qualitative terms. This article studies the emergence of regional sub-state entities as diplomatic actors, and an in-depth comparative study is made of the external relations of Quebec, Scotland, Bavaria, Catalonia, Wallonia and Flanders. The following dimensions are studied: (1) the definition of foreign policy; (2) the diplomatic instruments that are utilized; (3) the organizational structure and operation of foreign affairs; and (4) the character of the representations abroad. Based upon a comparative study of the empirical data, the article argues that boundaries between diplomacy (as generated by states) and sub-state diplomacy are visibly watering down
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