Antiplasmodial activity of (I-3,II-3)-biflavonoids and other constituents from **Ormocarpum kirkii**
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Phytochemistry: an international journal of plant biochemistry. - Oxford
, p. 785-791
University of Antwerp
Preliminary screening of a series of medicinal plants, traditionally used in Tanzania, showed an IC50 of 15.631.2 μg/ml for the crude extract of the root of Ormocarpum kirkii S. Moore (Papilionaceae) against Plasmodium falciparum. A bioguided isolation was performed in order to isolate the active constituents. Twelve constituents were obtained and identified using NMR and MS data, and optical rotation measurements. The compounds comprised seven (I-3,II-3)-biflavonoids, three (I-3,II-3)-bi-4-phenyldihydrocoumarins, an isoflavanone and a C-glucosylated flavone. Six compounds, liquiritigeninyl-(I-3,II-3)-naringenin, apigeninyl-(I-3,II-3)-naringenin, 7-O-β-D-glucopyranosylchamaejasmin, (3R,4S,3″R,4″S)-5,5″-di-O-methyldiphysin, 7-O-β-D-glucopyranosyldiphysin, and 4″-hydroxydiphysolone, were isolated in addition to six known components. The compounds were evaluated for antimicrobial activity in a broad screening panel, including P. falciparum. Seven of these showed antiplasmodial activity; isochamaejasmin being the most active with an IC50 of 7.3 ± 3.8 μM, but the selectivity was rather limited. Thus, these constituents may contribute, at least in part, to the antimalarial use of O. kirkii in traditional medicine.