Impairment of intestinal barrier and secretory function as well as egg excretion during intestinal schistosomiasis occur independently of mouse mast cell protease-1
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Parasite immunology. - Oxford
, p. 221-231
University of Antwerp
Deposition of Schistosoma mansoni eggs in the intestinal mucosa is associated with recruitment of mucosal mast cells (MMC) expressing mouse mast cell protease-1 (mMCP-1). We investigated the involvement of mMCP-1 in intestinal barrier disruption and egg excretion by examining BALB/c mice lacking mMCP-1 (Mcpt-1−/−). Tissue and faecal egg counts from 6 weeks until 12 weeks post-infection (w p.i.) revealed no differences between wild type (WT) and Mcpt-1−/−mice. Using chamber experiments on ileal tissue revealed that at 8 w p.i., the epithelial barrier and secretory capacity were severely impaired, whereas no difference was found between WT and Mcpt-1−/−mice in this respect. However, a fragmented distribution of the tight junction (TJ) protein occludin, but not of claudin-3 or ZO-1, was observed in WT mice at 8 w p.i., while no changes in TJ integrity were seen in Mcpt-1−/−mice. Therefore, we conclude that in contrast to the situation in Trichinella spiralis-infected mice, in schistosomiasis, mMCP-1 is not a key mediator in egg excretion or impairment of the intestinal barrier. The marked decrease in ileal secretory capacity during S. mansoni egg excretion suggests that the mechanisms facilitating the passage of schistosoma eggs through the gut wall are directed more particularly at the epithelial cells.