Publication
Title
Comparative intradermal tuberculin test in dairy cattle in the north of Ecuador and risk factors associated with bovine tuberculosis
Author
Abstract
We studied the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis (BTB) in Mejia canton, the major dairy cattle production area in northern Ecuador. Twenty dairy herds comprising 2,022 cattle were selected. In 2007, each animal was tested using the comparative intradermal tuberculin test (CITT). In 2008, a follow-up test was performed in the same herds. The true annual incidence was 1.70%, and the true prevalence was 7.41% and 7.13% in 2007 and 2008, respectively. The prevalence was 0.27% and 0.57% in medium-sized herds in 2007 and 2008, respectively, compared with 8.63% and 8.43% in large herds (P < 0.01). The number of skin testpositive cases also increased significantly with age (P = 0.03), contacts with other species of animals (P < 0.01), and introduction of new cattle (P = 0.04). Herd prevalence was 55% in 2007 and 65% in 2008. This study shows the lack of knowledge in cattle farmers about this zoonosis and the necessity for a national BTB control program in Ecuador.
Language
English
Source (journal)
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. - Baltimore, Md
Publication
Baltimore, Md : 2009
ISSN
0002-9637
Volume/pages
83:6(2009), p. 1103-1109
ISI
000272709600028
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 01.04.2010
Last edited 24.07.2017
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