Title
Study of leading hadrons in gluon and quark fragmentation Study of leading hadrons in gluon and quark fragmentation
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Publication type
article
Publication
Amsterdam ,
Subject
Physics
Source (journal)
Physics letters: B. - Amsterdam, 1967, currens
Volume/pages
643(2006) :3/4 , p. 147-157
ISSN
0370-2693
ISI
000242906900002
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
The study of quark jets in e+e− reactions at LEP has demonstrated that the hadronisation process is reproduced well by the Lund string model. However, our understanding of gluon fragmentation is less complete. In this study enriched quark and gluon jet samples of different purities are selected in three-jet events from hadronic decays of the Z collected by the DELPHI experiment in the LEP runs during 1994 and 1995. The leading systems of the two kinds of jets are defined by requiring a rapidity gap and their sum of charges is studied. An excess of leading systems with total charge zero is found for gluon jets in all cases, when compared to Monte Carlo simulations with JETSET (with and without BoseEinstein correlations included) and ARIADNE. The corresponding leading systems of quark jets do not exhibit such an excess. The influence of the gap size and of the gluon purity on the effect is studied and a concentration of the excess of neutral leading systems at low invariant masses (less, approximate2 GeV/c2) is observed, indicating that gluon jets might have an additional hitherto undetected fragmentation mode via a two-gluon system. This could be an indication of a possible production of gluonic states as predicted by QCD.
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