Lung function and bronchodilator response in 4-year-old children with different wheezing phenotypes
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
The European respiratory journal. - Copenhagen
, p. 865-872
University of Antwerp
Persistent wheeze is a common chronic disease in early childhood and later may progress to asthma. However, the association between pre- and post-bronchodilator lung function and the wheezing phenotype in preschool children is not known. Children 4 yrs of age involved in a prospective birth cohort study (in Antwerp, Belgium) concerning perinatal factors and the occurrence of asthma and allergies, were invited to participate in lung function measurements with the forced oscillation technique. The wheezing phenotype was assessed via (bi)annual questionnaires. Wheezing phenotype and baseline respiratory impedance data were available for 325 children, 96% of whom underwent bronchodilation tests. The baseline resistance at 4 Hz was higher in children with early transient (11.0 hPa·s·L1, n = 127) or persistent wheeze (11.9 hPa·s·L1, n = 54) than in children who never wheezed (10.3 hPa·s·L1, n = 144). After bronchodilation, the resistance decreased on average by 22%. The decrease was greater among the persistent wheezers than among those who never wheezed (3.4 versus 2.3 hPa·s·L1). The baseline lung function was poorer and the bronchodilator response was greater in 4-yr-old children with persistent wheeze than in those who never wheeze or who had early transient wheeze, implying a higher bronchomotor tone in the former group.