Title
Three-dimensional analysis of carbon nanotube networks in interconnects by electron tomography without missing wedge artifactsThree-dimensional analysis of carbon nanotube networks in interconnects by electron tomography without missing wedge artifacts
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Research group
Electron microscopy for materials research (EMAT)
Publication type
article
Publication
Cambridge, Mass.,
Subject
Physics
Source (journal)
Microscopy and microanalysis. - Cambridge, Mass.
Volume/pages
16(2010):2, p. 210-217
ISSN
1431-9276
ISI
000276137200011
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The three-dimensional (3D) distribution of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) grown inside semiconductor contact holes is studied by electron tomography. The use of a specialized tomography holder results in an angular tilt range of ±90°, which means that the so-called missing wedge is absent. The transmission electron microscopy (TEM) sample for this purpose consists of a micropillar that is prepared by a dedicated procedure using the focused ion beam (FIB) but keeping the CNTs intact. The 3D results are combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) to study the relation between the CNTs and the catalyst particles used during their growth. The reconstruction, based on the full range of tilt angles, is compared with a reconstruction where a missing wedge is present. This clearly illustates that the missing wedge will lead to an unreliable interpretation and will limit quantitative studies
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