Title
James Ensor's pigment use: artistic and material evolution studied by means of portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Chemistry
Source (journal)
X-ray spectrometry. - London
Volume/pages
39(2010) :2 , p. 103-111
ISSN
0049-8246
ISI
000275959400006
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
In this paper, portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (PXRF) was employed as a screening tool for determining and comparing the pigment use in a large series of paintings by the Belgian artist James Ensor (1860-1949). Benefits and drawbacks of PXRF as a method, and the instrument employed, are discussed from a practical, conservation and instrumental perspective. Regardless of several restrictions due to the set-up and/or the analytical method, it appeared feasible to document the evolution with time in Ensor's use of inorganic pigments and to correlate this technical evolution with stylistic developments, Nevertheless, it became clear that a full identification of all materials present can only be done by means of the analysis of (cross-sectioned) samples.
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