Publication
Title
The role of KIR gene content and HLA-C group in susceptibility to HTLV-1-associated myelopathy / tropical spastic paraparesis in Peru
Author
Abstract
Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) affects approximately 5% of HTLV-1-infected individuals. It is poorly understood why only some infected subjects develop this disease, but host genetic factors may determine susceptibility. The innate immune system may influence disease outcome in HTLV-1-infected subjects because of its role in early immune responses to viral infections. Variation in genes encoding killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) and their human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecule ligands may affect the risk of HAM/TSP. We performed a two-stage case-control study to examine the distribution of KIR genes and HLA-Cw groups in Peruvian HTLV-1-infected HAM/TSP subjects and asymptomatic carriers. We also tested for epistatic effects between specific KIR genes and HLA-Cw groups. In the first stage, we found several trends towards association with HAM/TSP or proviral load (PVL). However, these results were not replicated in the second stage. In conclusion, this is the first report on KIR gene frequencies in the Peruvian population and may be of significance in hematopoietic stem-cell transplants. Our study did not reveal significant associations between KIR genes and HLA-Cw groups and HAM/TSP or PVL. However, since our study was only powered to detect larger effects, additional studies using larger cohorts are needed.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Human immunology. - New York
Publication
New York : 2010
ISSN
0198-8859
Volume/pages
71:8(2010), p. 804-808
ISI
000280455800011
Full text (Publishers DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 01.06.2010
Last edited 14.04.2017
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