Title
Effect of long-term whole body vibration training on visceral adipose tissue: a preliminary report
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
University Hospital Antwerp
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Pharmacology. Therapy
Source (journal)
Obesity facts
Obesity facts
Volume/pages
3(2010) :2 , p. 93-100
ISSN
1662-4025
ISI
000277458200004
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Aim: To determine the effect of whole body vibration (WBV), combined with caloric restriction, on weight, body composition and metabolic risk factors in overweight and obese adults. Methods: A randomized, controlled study with a 6-month intervention period and a 6-month 'no intervention' follow-up. 61 of the 79 participants completed the study. Data were collected at baseline and at 3, 6 and 12 months in the control group (CONTROL), the diet only group (DIET), the diet plus fitness group (FITNESS) and the diet plus WBV group (VIBRATION). Results: Weight decreased significantly in all three intervention groups. Only FITNESS and VIBRATION managed to maintain a weight loss of 5% or more in the long term. Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) changed most in VIBRATION: -47.8 ± 41.2 and -47.7 ± 45.7 cm2 after 6 and 12 months respectively compared to CONTROL (-3.6 ± 20.5 or +26.3 ± 30.6 cm2), DIET (-24.3 ± 29.8 or -7.5 ± 28.3 cm2) and FITNESS (-17.6 ± 36.6 or -1.6 ± 33.3 cm2) (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Combining aerobic exercise or WBV training with caloric restriction can help to achieve a sustained long-term weight loss of 5-10%. These preliminary data show that WBV training may have the potential to reduce VAT more than aerobic exercise in obese adults, possibly making it a meaningful addition to future weight loss programs.
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