Title
Infectivity of **Giardia duodenalis** Assemblages A and E for the gerbil and axenisation of duodenal trophozoites Infectivity of **Giardia duodenalis** Assemblages A and E for the gerbil and axenisation of duodenal trophozoites
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Publication type
article
Publication
New York ,
Subject
Biology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Parasitology international. - New York
Volume/pages
59(2010) :4 , p. 634-637
ISSN
1383-5769
ISI
000284300300023
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Establishing in vitro cultures of Giardia duodenalis trophozoites from faecal cysts remains very difficult due to poor excystation and bacterial contamination. This study investigated an alternative approach starting from duodenal trophozoites of gerbils that were artificially infected with field isolates from humans (Assemblages A and B) and cattle (Assemblage E and mixed E/A). Gerbil infection was successful for Assemblages A (1/1) and B (1/3) from humans, and for E (1/2) and mixed E/A (6/6) from cattle. Despite the fact that some isolates subsequently failed or were difficult to establish in vitro, several Assemblage A and Assemblage E in vitro trophozoite cultures were successful, however, subsequent cloning required adaptation of the standard TYI-S-33 medium whereby different medium supplements were required for promoting growth. Excess of l-cysteine (2 mg/ml) and ascorbic acid (0.2 mg/ml) supported cloning of Assemblage A, while l-glutathione (7.8 mg/ml) was required for Assemblage E. This is a first description of in vitro axenisation of Assemblage E trophozoites from cattle.
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