Title
Increased IL-17 production by peripheral T helper cells after tumour necrosis factor blockade in rheumatoid arthritis is accompanied by inhibition of migration-associated chemokine receptor expression Increased IL-17 production by peripheral T helper cells after tumour necrosis factor blockade in rheumatoid arthritis is accompanied by inhibition of migration-associated chemokine receptor expression
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Rheumatology. - London, 1999, currens
Volume/pages
49(2010) :12 , p. 2264-2272
ISSN
1462-0324
ISI
000284432800007
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Objectives. The contribution of IL-17-producing Th17 cells to the pathogenesis of T-cell-mediated inflammatory disorders such as RA and atopic dermatitis (AD) has to be viewed in relation to the role of Th1/Th2 cells and long-recognized key cytokines like TNF. We aimed to study the frequency and migration-associated phenotype of peripheral Th17, Th1 and Th2 cells in healthy individuals, RA and AD patients, and to study the influence of anti-TNF therapy in RA. Methods. Intracellular IL-17, IFN-{gamma} and IL-4 production and CC-chemokine receptor CCR4 and CCR6 expression were analysed flow cytometrically in peripheral memory Th cells from healthy individuals, AD and RA patients. The latter were grouped by disease activity and presence or absence of adalimumab therapy. In RA patients initiating anti-TNF therapy, cytokine production by in vitro-stimulated peripheral mononuclear cells was measured by cytometric bead array. Results. The peripheral Th17 cell frequency is elevated in AD but not in RA. In RA, Th17 cells and IL-17 production increase after anti-TNF therapy, irrespective of disease activity. Th1 cells and IFN-{gamma} production are elevated in remission and under anti-TNF therapy. CCR6 expression is up-regulated in Th17 cells, but RA patients in remission under anti-TNF therapy have significantly lower expression than those with active disease. Conclusions. The increase in peripheral Th17 cells in RA patients after anti-TNF therapy is accompanied by a decrease in Th17-specific CCR6 expression, which might prevent homing of these potentially pro-inflammatory cells to the synovium.
E-info
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