Title
The local structure and composition of <tex>$Ba_{4}Nb_{2}O_{9}$</tex>-based oxycarbonatesThe local structure and composition of <tex>$Ba_{4}Nb_{2}O_{9}$</tex>-based oxycarbonates
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Research group
Electron microscopy for materials research (EMAT)
Publication type
article
Publication
London,
Subject
Chemistry
Source (journal)
Journal of solid state chemistry. - London
Volume/pages
183(2010):8, p. 1823-1828
ISSN
0022-4596
ISI
000280620300013
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
X-ray powder-diffraction(XRD),high-resolutiontransmissionelectronmicroscopy(HRTEM),electron diffraction(ED),infraredspectroscopy(IR),thermogravimetry(TG)andmassspectroscopy(MS)were performedtoinvestigatethecompositionandthecrystalstructureoftetra-bariumdi-niobate(V) Ba4Nb2O9. TheTG,MSandIRstudiesrevealedthatthecompoundisahydratedoxycarbonate.Assuming that thecarbonatestoichiometricallyreplacesoxygen,thecompositionofthelow-temperature a-modification,obtainedbyslowcoolingfrom1100 1C, correspondstoBa4Nb2O8.8(CO3)0.2 0.1H2O, while thequenchedhigh-temperature g-modificationhastheBa4Nb2O8.42(CO3)0.58 0.38H2O composi- tion. The a-phase hasacompositeincommensuratelymodulatedstructureconsistingoftwomutually interacting[Ba]N and the[(Nb,&)O3]N subsystems.Thecompositemodulatedcrystalstructureofthe a-phase canbedescribedwiththelatticeparameters a¼10.2688(1) A&#730; , c¼2.82426(8) A&#730; , q¼0.66774(2)c* and asuperspacegroup R3m(00g)0s. TheHRTEManalysisdemonstratesthenanoscale twinningofthetrigonaldomainsparalleltothe{100}crystallographicplanes.Thetwinningintroduces a one-dimensionaldisorderintothe[(Nb,&)O3]N subsystem,whichresultsinanaverage P62c crystal structureofthe a-phase. Possibleplacesforthecarbonategroupinthestructurearediscussedusinga comparisonwithotherhexagonalperovskite-basedoxycarbonates.
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