The unequal benefits of family activation: an analysis of the social distribution of family policy among families with young children
Faculty of Social Sciences. Sociology
Antwerp :Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, 2010
CSB working paper / University of Antwerp, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy ; 10/8
University of Antwerp
In the last decades, measures to reconcile work and family life arose in response to new societal needs stemming from the generalization of dual earnership. However, dual earnership has not been adopted evenly across various social groups in European societies. Consequently, concerns about the distribution of the benefit of those policies arise: does this new orientation entail a loss of redistributive power of the welfare state? We address this question by focussing on the interaction of three types of family measures and their overall distributional effect in Europe with the Belgian region of Flanders as case in point. We develop a fine-grained analysis to reveal the budgetary impact of the variation in use and generosity, and find that the redistributive effect of child benefits is largely undone by subsidized childcare and parental leave benefits. As such, our analysis supports concern about a reduction of the redistributive character of the new‟ welfare state.