Added value of baseline uptake in serial PET for evaluation of response of solid extracerebral tumors to systemic cytotoxic neoadjuvant treatment: a meta-analysis
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the level of baseline 18F-FDG uptake in the primary tumor adds value to its relative change in 18F-FDG uptake in serial PET scans in predicting the histopathologic response to systemic cytotoxic neoadjuvant treatment of patients with solid extracerebral tumors. Methods: We performed a literature search from January 1995 through November 2008 using PubMed and Embase. Two reviewers independently selected eligible studies for possible inclusion in the meta-analysis by reviewing titles and abstracts. Inclusion criteria were at least 10 patients, 18F-FDG PET before and after therapy, 18F-FDG PET performed with the intention of monitoring the response of solid extracerebral tumors in humans to cytotoxic neoadjuvant systemic therapy, attenuation-corrected 18F-FDG PET studies, and studies presenting individual patient data (PET results and histopathologic reference test after treatment). Multilevel logistic regression was used to assess the effect of relative change of 18F-FDG uptake ([baseline end]/baseline) and baseline 18F-FDG uptake value with type of tumor and type of treatment as level 1 covariates. Results: Nineteen studies (all observational; a total of 438 patients [median, 23 patients per study; range, 1040]) were included, aiming at the accuracy of PET versus histopathology. To quantify PET, maximum standardized uptake value (SUV) was used in 6 studies, mean SUV in 7, SUV (subtype unclear) in 1, tumor-to-background ratio in 3, and dose uptake ratio in 1. The average overall histopathologic response rate was 0.47 (median, 0.50), ranging from 0.17 to 0.88. The relative change in 18F-FDG uptake was the strongest indicator (P < 0.0001) for tumor response. Baseline 18F-FDG was not significantly associated as a main factor; however, a significant interaction of baseline uptake and relative change after therapy was observed (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Relative change in 18F-FDG uptake was the strongest indicator for tumor response, but the level of baseline 18F-FDG uptake in the primary tumor provided additional information about prediction of response to therapy. These data corroborate and extend the need for standardization, quality assurance, and control of PET studies quantifying 18F-FDG in oncologic treatment monitoring.
Source (journal)
The Journal of nuclear medicine. - New York
New York : 2010
51:10(2010), p. 1507-1516
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
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Publication type
Publications with a UAntwerp address
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Web of Science
Creation 12.01.2011
Last edited 21.06.2017
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