La Parodia en Augusto Monterroso: una revisión de la conquista de América
Faculty of Arts. Linguistics and Literature
Neophilologus: an international journal devoted to modern and mediaeval language and literature, including general linguistics, literary theory and comparative literature. - Groningen
, p. 613-623
This article analyzes the dialogues that Augusto Monterroso establishes with the chroniclers of the 16th Century. The chronicles of the conquest of America appear as intertextual reference in three texts of Monterroso: in the story El eclipse, in a fragment of the novel Lo demás es silencio, and in the essay El otro aleph. In the first two texts the references are rather implicit, the third text, however, consists of a re-reading of La Araucana by Alonso de Ercilla. Parody in these texts manifests through the imitation of some of the characteristics of the chronicles, but at the same time the author transforms this model with irony. The three protagonists of the conquestthe missionary, the conqueror and the chroniclerappear in Monterrosos texts as antiheroes and even as victims of the violent encounter between cultures. Against the dogma of a unique and official history, Monterroso introduces the doubt, the plurality of possible histories. His eagerness to change history reflects his great sense of relativity.