Title
Resonant enhancement of the Fulde-Ferell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state in three dimensions by a one-dimensional optical potential Resonant enhancement of the Fulde-Ferell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state in three dimensions by a one-dimensional optical potential
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Publication type
article
Publication
Lancaster, Pa ,
Subject
Physics
Source (journal)
Physical review : A : atomic, molecular and optical physics. - Lancaster, Pa, 1990 - 2015
Volume/pages
83(2011) :1 , p. 013606,1-013606,8
ISSN
1094-1622
1050-2947
ISI
000286735800010
Carrier
E-only publicatie
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
We describe an imbalanced superfluid Fermi gas in three dimensions within the path-integral framework. To allow for the formation of the Fulde-Ferell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state (FFLO state), a suitable form of the saddle point is chosen, in which the pairs have a finite center-of-mass momentum. To test the correctness of this path-integral description, the zero-temperature phase diagram for an imbalanced Fermi gas in three dimensions is calculated, and compared to recent theoretical results. Subsequently, we investigate two models that describe the effect of imposing a one-dimensional (1D) optical potential on the three-dimensional (3D) imbalanced Fermi gas. We show that this 1D optical potential can greatly enlarge the stability region of the FFLO state, relative to the case of the 3D Fermi gas without 1D periodic modulation. Furthermore, it is shown that there exists a direct connection between the center-of-mass momentum of the FFLO pairs and the wave vector of the optical potential. We propose that this concept can be used experimentally to resonantly enhance the stability region of the FFLO state.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/973581/7796c431.pdf
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