Publication
Title
Effects of phenazopyridine on rat bladder primary afferent activity, and comparison with lidocaine and acetaminophen
Author
Abstract
Aims The clinical indication of phenazopyridine is unclear, it has been used clinically in conditions with increased bladder sensation as in cystitis and bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis. We explored the effect of phenazopyridine on afferent nerve activity by direct measurement of both Aδ- and C-fibers in the rat, and compared the outcome with the effects of lidocaine (a local anesthetic) and of acetaminophen (an analgesic). Methods Female SpragueDawley rats were used. Under urethane anesthesia, single nerve fibers primarily originating from the bladder were identified in the L6 dorsal root by electrical stimulation of the left pelvic nerve and by bladder distention. By conduction velocity (2.5 m/sec) the fibers were defined as Aδ-fiber or C-fiber. The afferent activity in response to constant bladder filling was measured before the drug administration. Then, phenazopyridine (0.13 mg/kg) or lidocaine (0.33 mg/kg) or acetaminophen (110 mg/kg) was administrated intravenously. After drug administration, the afferent activity of bladder fillings was measured again. Results All drugs significantly increased bladder compliance, in a dose-dependent way. Twenty-eight single afferent fibers (Aδ-fibers: n = 13, C-fibers: n = 15) were isolated. Intravenous administration of phenazopyridine significantly decreased dose-dependently only the Aδ-fiber but not the C-fiber activity. Also acetaminophen significantly decreased only Aδ-fiber activity, but it was not dose-dependently completely. Lidocaine inhibited both the Aδ- and C-fiber activities. Conclusions This study shows that phenazopyridine can directly inhibit the mechanosensitive Aδ-fibers in the normal rat bladder. This finding might explain its clinical effect in conditions of bladder hypersensitivity.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Neurourology and urodynamics. - New York
Publication
New York : 2010
ISSN
0733-2467
Volume/pages
29:8(2010), p. 1445-1450
ISI
000284016900017
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 04.02.2011
Last edited 21.06.2017
To cite this reference