Publication
Title
Nevirapine pharmacokinetics when initiated at 200 mg or 400 mg daily in HIV-1 and tuberculosis co-infected Ugandan adults on rifampicin
Author
Abstract
Background Rifampicin lowers nevirapine plasma concentrations by inducing cytochrome P450. However, few data are available on this interaction during the lead-in period of nevirapine treatment. Methods Eighteen HIV-1/tuberculosis co-infected adults receiving rifampicin daily as part of anti-tuberculosis therapy were evenly randomized to nevirapine initiation by dose escalation (NVP200) or nevirapine initiation at 200 mg twice daily (NVP400). Subjects underwent 12 h intensive pharmacokinetic sampling on Days 7, 14 and 21 of nevirapine treatment. A minimum effective concentration (MEC) of 3000 ng/mL was used to interpret nevirapine concentrations 12 h after dosing (C12). Trial registration number: NCT00617643 (www.clinicaltrials.gov). Results Day 7 geometric mean nevirapine C12 [90 confidence interval (CI)] was 1504 (11272115) ng/mL and 3148 (24514687) ng/mL in the NVP200 and NVP400 arms, respectively (P<0.01). Nevirapine C12 on Days 14 and 21 was similar. On Day 21, nevirapine concentration in 64 of patients was below the MEC. On Day 7, geometric mean area under the curve (AUC012) was lower in the NVP200 arm, 25223 (90 CI, 2197829695) ngh/mL versus 43195 (3560757035) ngh/mL in the NVP400 arm (P<0.01). Similarly, on Day 14, nevirapine AUC012 was lower in the NVP200 arm 23668 (1825332218) ngh/mL versus the NVP400 arm 44918 (3626462769) ngh/mL (P0.03). Conclusions In co-treated patients, nevirapine concentrations were below the MEC during initiation with dose escalation. Nevirapine initiation at the maintenance dose of 200 mg twice daily is preferred. Sub-therapeutic nevirapine concentrations were common at Day 21 with either regimen. Evaluation of higher nevirapine maintenance doses may be considered.
Language
English
Source (journal)
The journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy. - London, 1975, currens
Publication
London : 2011
ISSN
0305-7453 [print]
1460-2091 [online]
Volume/pages
66:1(2011), p. 180-183
ISI
000285417700024
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 08.02.2011
Last edited 18.12.2017
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