Publication
Title
Multiwalled carbon-nanotube-functionalized microelectrode arrays fabricated by microcontact printing : platform for studying chemical and electrical neuronal signaling
Author
Abstract
A facile method is proposed for the deposition of multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) layers onto microelectrode arrays by means of a microcontact printing technique, leading to the fabrication of MEAs characterized by well defined electrical and morphological properties. Using polydimethyl siloxane stamps, produced from different mold designs, a flexibility of printing is achieved that provides access to microscale, nanostructured electrodes. The thickness of MWCNT layers can be exactly predetermined by evaluating the concentration of the MWCNT solution employed in the process. The electrode morphology is further characterized using laser scanning and scanning electron microscopy. Next, by means of impedance spectroscopy analysis, the MWCNTelectrode contact resistance and MWCNT film resistance is measured, while electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is used to estimate the obtained electrodeelectrolyte interface. Structural and electrochemical properties make these electrodes suitable for electrical stimulation and recording of neurons and electrochemical detection of dopamine. MWCNT-functionalized electrodes show the ability to detect micromolar amounts of dopamine with a sensitivity of 19 nA μm−1. In combination with their biosensing properties, preliminary electrophysiological measurements show that MWCNT microelectrodes have recording properties superior to those of commercial TiN microelectrodes when detecting neuronal electrical activity under long-term cell-culture conditions. MWCNT-functionalized microelectrode arrays fabricated by microcontact printing represent a versatile and multipurpose platform for cell-culture monitoring.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Small. - Weinheim
Publication
Weinheim : 2011
ISSN
1613-6810
Volume/pages
7:4(2011), p. 524-530
ISI
000288080400014
Full text (Publishers DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.02.2011
Last edited 25.05.2017
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