Title
The frequency effect in second-language visual word recognition The frequency effect in second-language visual word recognition
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Applied Economics
Publication type
article
Publication
Austin, Tex. ,
Subject
Computer. Automation
Source (journal)
Psychonomic bulletin and review. - Austin, Tex.
Volume/pages
15(2008) :4 , p. 850-586
ISSN
1069-9384
ISI
000258748500020
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
A lexical decision experiment with Dutch-English bilinguals compared the effect of word frequency on visual word recognition in the first language with that in the second language. Bilinguals showed a considerably larger frequency effect in their second language, even though corpus frequency was matched across languages. Experiment 2 tested monolingual, native speakers of English on the English materials from Experiment 1. This yielded a frequency effect comparable to that of the bilinguals in Dutch (their L1). These results constrain the way in which existing models of word recognition can be extended to unbalanced bilingualism. In particular, the results are compatible with a theory by which the frequency effect originates from implicit learning. They are also compatible with models that attribute frequency effects to serial search in frequency-ordered bins (Murray & Forster, 2004), if these models are extended with the assumption that scanning speed is language dependent, or that bins are not language specific
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