Title
Domestic animals and epidemiology of visceral Leishmaniasis, NepalDomestic animals and epidemiology of visceral Leishmaniasis, Nepal
Author
Faculty/Department
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Research group
Department of Biomedical Sciences - other
Laboratory for Microbiology, Parasitology and Hygiene (LMPH)
Institute of Development Policy and Management - other
Department of Biomedical Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Atlanta, Ga,
Subject
Biology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Emerging infectious diseases / National Center for Infectious Diseases. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. - Atlanta, Ga
Volume/pages
16(2010):2, p. 231-237
ISSN
1080-6040
ISI
000274400300008
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
On the Indian subcontinent, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is considered an anthroponosis. To determine possible reasons for its persistence during interepidemic periods, we mapped Leishmania infections among healthy persons and animals in an area of active VL transmission in Nepal. During 4 months (September 2007February 2008), blood was collected from persons, goats, cows, and buffaloes in 1 village. Leishmania infections were determined by using PCR. We found infections among persons (6.1%), cows (5%), buffaloes (4%), and goats (16%). Data were georeferenced and entered into a geographic information system. The bivariate K-function results indicated spatial clustering of Leishmania spp.positive persons and domestic animals. Classification tree analysis determined that among several possible risk factors for Leishmania infection among persons, proximity of Leishmania spp.positive goats ranked first. Although our data do not necessarily mean that goats constitute a reservoir host of L. donovani, these observations indicate the need for further investigation of goats' possible role in VL transmission.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/361b2f/ac9b3244.pdf
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