Dynamic disorder in the crystal structure of an organic semiconductor : an unusual phase transition involving the heat capacity
Vande Velde, Christophe M.L.
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Chemistry: a European journal. - Weinheim
, p. 912-919
University of Antwerp
(E,E)-1-[2-(4-Nitrophenyl)ethenyl]-4-[2-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethenyl]benzene was characterised by X-ray diffraction and shown to be dynamically disordered at room temperature. The structure was re-determined over a range of temperatures to infer the thermodynamic parameters related to this disorder. A phase transition of third order according to the Ehrenfest classification scheme was discovered. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first experimentally observed phase transition of formal third order. It can be explained by the involvement of long-range lattice vibrations.