An estimation of the occupational risk of HBV, HCV and HIV infection among Indonesian health-care workers
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Acta medica Indonesiana
, p. 33-37
University of Antwerp
AIM: to estimate the occupational risk of HBV, HCV and HIV infections among Indonesian HCWs. METHODS: the model developed by WHO was used to calculate the risk. The input parameters were selected from the best available evidence in Indonesia through a literature review. RESULTS: in 2005, sharps injuries led to an estimated 1445 infections with HBV, 399 with HCV and 18 with HIV among health-care workers (HCWs) in Indonesia. The attributable fractions of these infections due to sharps injuries among HCWs in Indonesia were estimated to be approximately 44%, 47%, and 11% for HBV, HCV and HIV, respectively. CONCLUSION: those data show that HCWs in Indonesia may face significant occupational risks of contracting viral hepatitis due to sharps injuries. In order to produce better estimates prospective studies in different health care settings are urgently needed.