Title
Barrier efficiency of sponge-like <tex>$La_{2}Zr_{2}O_{7}$</tex> buffer layers for YBCO-coated conductors Barrier efficiency of sponge-like <tex>$La_{2}Zr_{2}O_{7}$</tex> buffer layers for YBCO-coated conductors
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Physics
Publication type
article
Publication
Bristol ,
Subject
Physics
Source (journal)
Superconductor science and technology. - Bristol
Volume/pages
24(2011) :6 , p. 065019,1-065019,8
ISSN
0953-2048
Article Reference
065019
Carrier
E-only publicatie
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Solution derived La2Zr2O7 films have drawn much attention for potential applications as thermal barriers or low-cost buffer layers for coated conductor technology. Annealing and coating parameters strongly affect the microstructure of La2Zr2O7, but different film processing methods can yield similar microstructural features such as nanovoids and nanometer-sized La2Zr2O7 grains. Nanoporosity is a typical feature found in such films and the implications for the functionality of the films are investigated by a combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and quantitative electron tomography. Chemical solution based La2Zr2O7 films deposited on flexible Ni5 at.%W substrates with a {100}lang001rang biaxial texture were prepared for an in-depth characterization. A sponge-like structure composed of nanometer-sized voids is revealed by high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy in combination with electron tomography. A three-dimensional quantification of nanovoids in the La2Zr2O7 film is obtained on a local scale. Mostly non-interconnected highly faceted nanovoids compromise more than one-fifth of the investigated sample volume. The diffusion barrier efficiency of a 170 nm thick La2Zr2O7 film is investigated by STEM-EELS, yielding a 1.8 ± 0.2 nm oxide layer beyond which no significant nickel diffusion can be detected and intermixing is observed. This is of particular significance for the functionality of YBa2Cu3O7 − δ coated conductor architectures based on solution derived La2Zr2O7 films as diffusion barriers.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/744620/2b006a63d32.pdf
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