Title
Posterior capsule management in congenital cataract surgery Posterior capsule management in congenital cataract surgery
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Fairfax, Va ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. - Fairfax, Va
Volume/pages
37(2011) :1 , p. 173-193
ISSN
0886-3350
ISI
000286020900026
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Management of the posterior capsule significantly affects the outcome of pediatric cataract surgery. Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is rapid and virtually inevitable in very young children when adult-style cataract surgery is performed and the posterior capsule is left intact. In eyes with pediatric cataract, primary posterior capsulotomy and vitrectomy are considered routine surgical steps, especially in younger children. The site of intraocular lens (IOL) fixation and the surgical technique used also affect the prevalence of PCO. The present systematic review evaluates the options available to prevent PCO or ensure a clear central visual axis after pediatric cataract surgery. Newer approaches to posterior capsule management such as pars plicata posterior capsulorhexis, sutureless vitrectomy, sealed-capsule irrigation, and bag-in-the-lens IOL are discussed. Management of the posterior capsule in the presence of a preexisting posterior capsule defect and posterior capsule plaque and options to treat PCO are also reviewed.
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