Title
In humans, serum polyunsaturated fatty acid levels predict the response of proinflammatory cytokines to psychologic stress
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Publication type
article
Publication
New York, N.Y. ,
Subject
Biology
Pharmacology. Therapy
Source (journal)
Biological psychiatry. - New York, N.Y.
Volume/pages
47(2000) :10 , p. 910-920
ISSN
0006-3223
ISI
000086968200008
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Background: Psychologic stress in humans induces the production of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interferon γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and that of the negative immunoregulatory cytokine, IL-10. An imbalance of ω6 to ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in the peripheral blood causes an overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines. The ω3 PUFAs reduce the production of proinflammatory cytokines. Methods: This study examines whether an imbalance in ω6 to ω3 PUFAs in human blood predicts a greater production of proinflammatory cytokines in response to psychologic stress. Twenty-seven university students had serum sampled a few weeks before and after as well as 1 day before a difficult oral examination. We determined the ω6 and ω3 fractions in serum phospholipids as well as the ex vivo production of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-5 by diluted whole blood stimulated with polyclonal activators. Results: Academic examination stress significantly increased the ex vivo, stimulated production of IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-10, and the IFN-γ/IL-5 production ratio. Subjects with lower serum ω3 PUFA levels or with a higher ω6/ω3 ratio had significantly greater stress-induced TNF-α and IFN-γ responses than subjects with higher serum ω3 PUFAs and a lower ω6/ω3 ratio, respectively. Subjects with lower serum ω3 PUFA levels or with a higher ω6/ω3 ratio had a significantly higher stress-induced increase in the IFN-γ/IL-5 ratio than the remaining subjects. Conclusions: Psychologic stress induces a Th-1like or proinflammatory response in some subjects. An imbalance in the ω6 to ω3 PUFA ratio appears to predispose humans toward an exaggerated Th-1like response and an increased production of monocytic cytokines, such as TNF-α, in response to psychologic stress. The results suggest that increased ω3 PUFA levels may attenuate the proinflammatory response to psychologic stress.
E-info
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