Title
Neural differences in bilingual children's arithmetic processing depending on language of instruction Neural differences in bilingual children's arithmetic processing depending on language of instruction
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Educational sciences
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Mind, brain and education
Volume/pages
5(2011) :2 , p. 79-88
ISSN
1751-2271
ISI
000290763400004
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Many children in bilingual regions follow lessons in a language at school (school-language) that they hardly ever speak at home or in other informal settings. What are the neural effects of this phenomenon? This functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study investigates the effects of using school-language on brain activity during a high cognitive task in two groups of French/Dutch bilingual children. Participants were asked to assess the correctness of 3-operand (e.g., 5 − 2 = 3) and 4-operand (e.g., 3 − 2 = 1 + 4) equations, respectively. Instructions about the task were given either in the children's school-language or in another language that they only used at home. It was found that although both groups recruited a visuomotor occipitofrontal network in the left hemisphere, the children who performed the task in their school-language showed less activation than the children who did not, indicating the importance of language of instruction for bilingual children's arithmetic processing.
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