Title
The quantification of ellagic acid in the crude extract of **Phyllanthus amarus** Schum. & Thonn. (Euphorbiaceae)The quantification of ellagic acid in the crude extract of **Phyllanthus amarus** Schum. & Thonn. (Euphorbiaceae)
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Research group
Natural Products and Food - Research and Analysis (NatuRA)
Publication type
article
Publication
Chichester,
Subject
Pharmacology. Therapy
Source (journal)
Phytochemical analysis. - Chichester
Volume/pages
22(2011):4, p. 361-366
ISSN
0958-0344
ISI
000292220500010
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Introduction Phyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn. (Euphorbiaceae), already well known for its antiviral, antihyperglycaemic and antihepatotoxic effects, is also investigated for its antimalarial activity. The major constituent of the crude extract of the whole plant was isolated and identified in this research to be ellagic acid, for which antiplasmodial activity already has been reported. Objective Because of the potential of the plant and the interesting properties of ellagic acid, an analytical method can be useful for the standardisation of the extracts to allow further biological and pharmacological investigations. In order to obtain an easily performable and inexpensive method, an HPLC analysis was developed and validated. Methodology The samples were dissolved in DMSO, ultrasonicated for 15 min, and diluted with 50% methanol. Analysis was performed using water and methanol containing 0.06% TFA and the peaks were detected at 254 nm. Results Ellagic acid showed a linear relationship in the range of 1.7420.91 µg/mL and a single-point calibration was allowed. The method was shown to be precise with respect to time (RSD of 1.84%, 3 days, n = 6) and concentration (RSD of 2.54%, 3 levels, n = 6). The overall mean content of ellagic acid was 2.06%. A recovery experiment was performed and it showed an accuracy of 100.4%. Conclusion Based on the obtained results, it can be concluded that the newly developed method is suitable for its purpose, namely the determination of ellagic acid in the crude extract of P. amarus.
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