Comparison of chromosome and isoenzyme polymorphism in geographical populations of **Leishmania (Viannia) peruviana**
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Parasitology. - London, 1908, currens
, p. 547-554
Five chromosomes and 17 isoenzyme loci were analysed in 4 allopatric populations of Leishmania (Viannia) peruviana, and molecular distances calculated with 2 estimators, Chromosomal Size Difference Index and Jaccard Distance. Chromosome and isoenzyme data were in overall concordance: 13/30 isolates clustered similarly on the dendrograms constructed from the different estimators, and a significant correlation (P<0·001) was observed between the molecular distances calculated from the two sets of characters. This indicates an evolutionary association between chromosomal size polymorphism and isoenzymes. Chromosomes have a faster molecular clock than isoenzymes; twice as many genotypes were identified by chromosome analysis and significant size differences (for a total of up to 500 kb for 5 chromosomes together) were observed within a given zymodeme. Chromosomes most likely represent better indicators of genetic drift than isoenzymes, as suggested by the higher correlation between both estimators of chromosomal size-polymorphism and eco-geography. Some chromosomes might present an adaptive response to environmental variation.