Publication
Title
**Streptococcus pneumoniae** meningoencephalitis with bilateral basal ganglia necrosis : an unusual complication due to vasculitis
Author
Abstract
Streptococcus pneumoniae (S pneumoniae) is a common cause of bacterial meningitis, frequently leading to death or severe neurological impairment. We report an exceptional case of a 4-month-old boy with meningitis caused by S pneumoniae. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of the brain showed bilateral symmetrical necrosis involving the lentiform and caudate nuclei, as well as the thalamus. T1-weighted MR images showed patchy areas of increased signal intensity, consistent with hemorrhagic transformation of the lesions. Autopsy revealed widespread necrosis of the basal ganglia with clear signs of vasculitis. Severe complications of S pneumoniae meningoencephalitis are known in infants but to our knowledge, such lesions in the basal ganglia have only been reported thrice in adults and never in children.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of child neurology. - Littleton, Mass.
Publication
Littleton, Mass. : 2011
ISSN
0883-0738
Volume/pages
26:11(2011), p. 1438-1443
ISI
000296361500015
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 25.08.2011
Last edited 05.09.2017
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